standard tool of Windows for remote access via RDP inside the LAN

By | 10.12.2018



Standard tool of Windows for remote access via RDP inside the LAN

The possibility of remote access via RDP system Windows has for a long time. This standard tool appeared in Windows NT 4.0, released in 1996. More or less functionally it was a modified version of Windows XP, and its completeness were already in Windows 7. Version Of Windows 8/8.1 and 10 remote access via RDP from Windows 7 inherited no functional change.

Below, a detailed look at the work of remote access via RDP in Windows 7, 8.1 and 10.

Contents:

1. Remote access via RDP

2. The password on the remote computer

3. IP address of the remote computer

4. Allow remote connections

5. The connection to the remote computer

6. To connect to another account on the remote computer

7. The connection settings

TeamViewer.

RDP is also used for connecting to virtual machines on Hyper-V Remote connection RDP can offer more possibilities than a standard window connection full-time hypervisor. The connection window in Hyper-V does not play audio in the guest OS does not see the connected USB storage media, can offer a greater connection with the physical computer, than paste the copied text in it. While the RDP may provide visibility to virtual machine of the different devices connected to the physical computer, more qualitative picture of the desktop of the guest OS, sound work, etc.

For connecting via RDP you need to have the remote computer must meet the following requirements:

  • It should be password-protected account;
  • The system must be configured to allow remote connections;
  • If you do not want every time you connect to change the access data with constantly changing dynamic IP address, in network settings you must assign a static IP address.

Remote access is only possible on computers with editions of Windows Pro, Enterprise or Ultimate. Home versions of Windows (Home) remote access via RDP do not provide.

2. The password on the remote computer

If the remote computer is working with your Microsoft account, while instead of a long password is used, short PIN, when you connect via RDP you need to enter the same long password, not a four-digit PIN code.

If the remote computer is used nesparennym a local account, the password there is no particular need, as for example, when connecting to virtual machines on Hyper-V, at least a simple password like «777» or «qwerty» it will have to create.

3. IP address of the remote computer

When you connect via RDP you will need to enter the IP address of the remote computer. The internal IP address seen in the network system settings. But in Windows 7, 8.1 and 10 are three different ways. In Windows 7 this is the section of the control panel, and in Windows 8.1 and 10 this application is the Settings inherent to each version’s own organization. Because the internal IP address will explore universal, suitable for each of these systems way – through the command line. The shortcut to command prompt in Windows 7 available in the menu «start». In Windows 8.1 and 10 command prompt is launched from the context menu on the «start»button.

Штатный инструмент Windows для удаленного доступа по протоколу RDP внутри локальной сети

In the command prompt window, enter:

ipconfig

After pressing Enter will receive a summary of the data, where you should see the internal IP address.

Штатный инструмент Windows для удаленного доступа по протоколу RDP внутри локальной сети

4. Allow remote connections

Permission for remote connection in Windows natively, as a rule, are disabled. In any case, it is certainly as far as the licensing Assembly. The ability to connect via RDP on the remote computer is activated in the system settings. We need a «System» partition. In Windows 7 it can be accessed using the search menu «start». And in Windows 8.1 and 10 in the «System» can be accessed from the context menu on the «start»button.

Штатный инструмент Windows для удаленного доступа по протоколу RDP внутри локальной сети

Click «remote settings».

Штатный инструмент Windows для удаленного доступа по протоколу RDP внутри локальной сети

In the window system properties you need to set active the option allow remote connections. The option authentication is not removed. To apply changes click «Apply» at the bottom.

Штатный инструмент Windows для удаленного доступа по протоколу RDP внутри локальной сети

These settings will open the way to a remote connection, but only for the administrator account. Users regular user accounts do not have any independent right to provide a computer for remote control. Such a right can give them administrator.

Below the options to allow remote connections there is a button «Select users». Click it.

Штатный инструмент Windows для удаленного доступа по протоколу RDP внутри локальной сети

Click «Add».

Штатный инструмент Windows для удаленного доступа по протоколу RDP внутри локальной сети

In the box below enter the name of the user who is allowed to connect to it via RDP. For local accounts it is their name, and for Microsoft accounts – the email address with which to log in. Click «OK».

Штатный инструмент Windows для удаленного доступа по протоколу RDP внутри локальной сети

Now to account this user will have access from any computer inside the local network.

5. The connection to the remote computer

All necessary actions on the remote computer, go to the main computer from which the connection is performed and management. To run the staffing tool connect via RDP, you can find its shortcut by searching within the system. In Windows 7, search for «start menu».

Штатный инструмент Windows для удаленного доступа по протоколу RDP внутри локальной сети

In versions of Windows 8.1 and 10 click, press Win+Q.

Штатный инструмент Windows для удаленного доступа по протоколу RDP внутри локальной сети

You will see a small window connections. In further to remote computers can be connected using such a shortened form. But for now, click «Show options».

Штатный инструмент Windows для удаленного доступа по протоколу RDP внутри локальной сети

In the field «Computer» enter the IP address of the remote computer. In the box below — «User», respectively, enter the user name. If the remote computer is connected to your Microsoft account, enter email address.

Штатный инструмент Windows для удаленного доступа по протоколу RDP внутри локальной сети

If the computer is working with a normal local account, the user name must be entered in the format:

Computerportatile

For example, DESKTOP-R71R8AMВасяwhere DESKTOP-R71R8AM is the name of the computer, and Bob is the user name of a local account.

Штатный инструмент Windows для удаленного доступа по протоколу RDP внутри локальной сети

Below the name of the user the option of saving data authorization on a remote computer. Connection parameters — IP address, user name and password — you can save a separate. RDP file and use it to open on another computer. Click «Connect» and then again «Connect» in the new window.

Штатный инструмент Windows для удаленного доступа по протоколу RDP внутри локальной сети

Enter the password of the account on the remote computer.

Штатный инструмент Windows для удаленного доступа по протоколу RDP внутри локальной сети

Click «Yes» in the window of a certificate error.

Штатный инструмент Windows для удаленного доступа по протоколу RDP внутри локальной сети

Further, the utility window will appear displaying the remote desktop. In the corner of the window to the left there is a menu where you can customize the display in full screen or to zoom more.

Штатный инструмент Windows для удаленного доступа по протоколу RDP внутри локальной сети

More settings of an RDP will get the window of utility initially, prior to connecting.

6. To connect to another account on the remote computer

Below the graphs populate the user name of the remote computer, unless the tick box «Always prompt for credentials», display options delete and modify data access. Clicking the option to «Change», except for the form of authorization to an existing account on the remote computer, will see the ability to connect to other accounts present on the same computer.

Штатный инструмент Windows для удаленного доступа по протоколу RDP внутри локальной сети

After entering a new user name and password authorization information for a specific IP address will be overwritten.

7. The connection settings

Through the open window connect to the remote computer will find tabs with configurable settings. The first two relate to the usability and functionality of remote access.

The «screen» icon in this tab, you can set the screen resolution of the remote computer with this permission will open the utility window after the connection. If the access is done with a weak computer, you can install low resolution to sacrifice color depth.

Штатный инструмент Windows для удаленного доступа по протоколу RDP внутри локальной сети

«Local resources» – in order to save system resources you can disable playing sound on a remote computer. And you can, on the contrary, to install and record audio from the remote computer. In the graph the local devices and resources after clicking «read More», can, in addition to the active printer, select more devices primary computer that will run on the remote computer. This is a smart card, a separate hard drive partitions, flash drives, memory cards, external hard drives.

Штатный инструмент Windows для удаленного доступа по протоколу RDP внутри локальной сети

Obstacle to the use of the RDP could be his antivirus blocking. In this case, the work of the RDP must be enabled in the settings of antivirus programs.




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