manual for configuring the MIKROTIK router

By | 10.12.2018



Instructions for configuring the MIKROTIK router

Many owners of routers from Mikrotik company is different a number of different settings face different challenges at different stages of their settings.

 

This setting router MIKROTIK RB951G (UI) 2HND for dummies includes the main aspects in setting up connect the router to the Internet.

 

Connecting to the network

 

To enable the router to the network you must:

 

    1. connect the power supply to the corresponding socket «Power» on the rear panel of the device;

 

    1. the next step is connecting wires for connecting the Internet cable as in most cases, use the first connector;

 

    1. to configure the router, you should connect it to the computer with a cable, it uses one of the other «Ethernet» ports, usually the second.

Инструкция по настройке роутера MIKROTIK

Sign in to Web-panel

 

Mikrotik routers have an unusual address, so to log in the management menu you need to open a browser and enter in the address bar the IP address of 192.168.88.1.

 

The router manufacturer Mikrotik can be configured as using the program from the developer, or through the web interface.

 

To log in to Web menu simply enter the username and password (default username is admin and the password is not set).

 

To configure with this program, you must:

 

    • in the login window click on the icon to download the program;

 

    • to install and run the program;

 

    • click on the button «…»;

 

    • select the router, click «Connect»;

 

    • enter the username and password.

Инструкция по настройке роутера MIKROTIK

In most cases, configuring routers Mikrotik is made with the help of Winbox.

 

Reset

 

In some situations, as for example, if you change the default password to log into the router and forgot it, the only solution is to reset the router. This function allows you to return all settings to the factory settings.

 

The reset how to programmatically — in the settings of the device and a hardware method – by pressing the «Reset» located on the rear panel of the device:

 

    1. for this you will need a ballpoint pen or pencil, as the «Reset» button located in the recess, protecting it from accidental clicks;

 

    1. to reset you must hold down the button for a few seconds as long as the router does not respond, the LEDs should blink or fade;

 

    1. after a reboot the settings are restored to the factory settings.

Инструкция по настройке роутера MIKROTIK

Configuring the router RB951 series WAN interface

 

The settings of the router have many different parameters, by changing which it is possible to achieve the necessary functions.

 

Change the MAC address of the WAN port

 

If your ISP is set to block access via Mac address, you must first change the address Wanпорта.

 

To do this, open the Winbox program, choose New Terminal and enter the following command:

 

    • /interface ethernet set ether1 mac-address=05:04:03:02:01:00 (ether1 is used connector for the Internet cable, 05:04:03:02:01:00 – the resolved address);

 

To return the factory Mac addresses, you must enter the command:

 

    • /interface ethernet reset-mac ether1.

 

Video: how to create a dynamic ip

 

 

Dynamic IP

 

In the case of automatic receive settings from your service provider you must configure the port for their installation.

 

To do this:

 

    • open the section «IP»;

 

    • select the «DHCPClient»;

 

    • in the menu that appears, click on the add icon (red x);

 

    • in a new window in the field «Interface» select «ether1»;

 

    • click «OK».

 

Important! Computers connected to the router will not have Internet access until you have configured the local network, NAT and Firewall.

 

Static IP

 

Basic router configuration Mikrotik (wanstaticip) produced, respectively, only in the case if your ISP gave you a specific IP address.

 

For address settings, you must:

 

    • go to «IP»;

 

    • select «Addresses»;

 

    • click on the » add » button in the «Address» field to enter your address/ subnet mask;

 

    • in the «Interface» choose interface «ether1»;

 

    • click «OK».

 

To configure the gateway, you must:

 

    • go to «IP»;

 

    • select «Routes»;

 

    • click on the » add » button;

 

    • in the field «Gateway» enter the IP address of the gateway;

 

    • click «OK».

Инструкция по настройке роутера MIKROTIK

Address DNSдобавляются in the following way:

 

    • open the section «IP»;

 

    • select the «DNS»;

 

    • open «Settings»;

 

    • in the «Servers» enter address «DNS server».

 

Configuring PPPoE

 

To configure the PPPoE connection settings required:

 

    • go to «PPP»;

 

    • menu press the button «Add»;

 

    • select «PPPoE Client»;

 

    • in the Name field specify a name for the connection;

 

    • in the list «Interface» choose the first port «ether1», which is connected to the Internet cable;

 

    • select the tab «Dial out»;

 

    • in the field «User» to specify a user name;

 

    • in the field «password» is the password;

 

    • to put a check mark next to «Use Peer DNS»;

 

    • click OK.

 

Setting from the ISP

 

Some routers have built-in settings from the provider, for example, Beeline. For configuration, you need to visit the website for more information.

 

Configuring the router ZYXEL KEENETIC LITE 2 in a short time. Read more.

LAN

 

For local network settings of the MikroTik routers must be installed ports mode switch.

 

Doing the following operations:

 

 

    • open the «WinBox»;

 

    • go to «InterfaceList» and open the parameters «ether3»;

 

    • in the list of «Master Port» select «ether2-master-local»;

 

    • click «OK».

 

Инструкция по настройке роутера MIKROTIK

The same operation must be performed for ports ether4 and ether5. In the end, opposite to three ports should be the letter S.

Инструкция по настройке роутера MIKROTIK

The addition of Wi-Fi interfaces in a local network

 

For routers in a Wi-Fi antenna is necessary to combine both types of interface, to users of various types of connections seen each other.

 

This requires the following steps:

 

 

    • to open the «Bridge»;

 

    • click the button «Add»;

 

    • in the box labeled «Name» enter the name «bridge-local»;

 

    • click «OK».

 

Инструкция по настройке роутера MIKROTIK

Next, combine the Ethernet ports:

 

 

    • go to the tab «Ports»;

 

    • click the button «Add»;

 

    • in the list «Interface» to select the main port, in this case «ether2»;

 

    • the list «Bridge» to select a previously created connection «brifge-local»;

 

    • click «OK».

 

 

To add Wi-Fi connectivity, you need:

 

 

    • open the tab «Ports»;

 

    • click the button «Add»;

 

    • in the list «Interface» to select the main port «wlan1»;

 

    • the list «Bridge» choose Association «bridgelocal»;

 

    • click «OK».

 

 

Wi-Fi access point MikroTik

 

Before you begin to configure WI-Fi hotspot, you must enable the module Wi-Fi router:

 

 

    • to open the «Wireless»;

 

    • select the interface «wlan1»;

 

    • click «Enable» in the form of blue ticks.

 

Инструкция по настройке роутера MIKROTIK

To create a password to connect to the router you need:

 

 

    • go to the tab «Security Profiles»;

 

    • click the button «Add»;

 

    • in the «Name» field to specify the name of the security profile;

 

    • the most effective security type is WPA2, so it is recommended to leave only the Protocol;

 

    • in the box labeled «WPA2 Pre-SharedKey» enter the password to connect to the router via Wi-Fi;

 

    • click «OK».

 

 

Settings wifi router Mikrotik:

 

 

    • to open the «Interfaces»;

 

    • double-clicking to open the interface «wlan1»;

 

    • go to the tab «Wireless».

      Инструкция по настройке роутера MIKROTIK

 

    • in the list called «Mode» choose mode «apbridge»;

 

    • in the list called «Band» to select the standards which will comprise Wi-Fi: B,G and N;

 

    • in the field «SSID» write access point name;

 

    • in the list «Security Profile» choose the name of the security profile in which you created the password for the Wi-FIточки;

 

    • click «OK».

 

 

Important! Computers connected to the router via Wi-Fi will not have access to the Internet until you have configured the local network, NAT and Firewall.

 

The Firewall

 

Setting the Firewall and NAT is necessary to gain access to the Internet. Since the configuration of the firewall is an operation that requires a deep knowledge and experience, there is an easy automatic way of setting parameters using the Webbox.

Инструкция по настройке роутера MIKROTIK

Attention! In Routeros version 6.0 was removed simplified setup via Webbox. To setup Firewall and NAT, you must perform a manual configuration.

 

For manual security settings you need to open a browser and enter in the address bar 192.168.88.1/cfg. To login with the standard settings, use «admin» as a login.

 

Next, you should perform the following operations:

 

 

    • go to the tab «Firewall»;

 

    • in the list called «Public Interface» choose interface «ether1» connected to the Internet cable. In case you use the connection Rroyo in this field, choose the name of Broadclyst;

 

    • to put a tick near the item «ProtectRouter»;

 

    • to put a tick near the item «ProtectLAN»;

 

    • put a tick near the «NAT»;

 

    • click «Apply» to save the settings.

 

Инструкция по настройке роутера MIKROTIK

If access to the Internet still does not appear, then please reboot the router. To verify router access to the Internet is sufficient to open the NewTerminal and enter «pingya.ru».

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