How to make home computer network

By | 10.12.2018

How to make home computer network

Age of the «personal» machines is over — now the computer means little without reliable and permanent connection to the worldwide web. Work at home, email and Commerce, watching movies and news, sharing photos and «just chatter» in social networks — there are many options for information exchange. In the urban context is not difficult to connect the computer to the Network (about the features of «rural Internet» we will talk another time). It is sufficient to find the Internet service provider, providing services in your home, or select one of several available. And after a few days you will receive coveted access to the Internet.

Tip: How to find a good provider

Choose the provider based on the availability to him of the potential user. The majority of companies have this service provided on the websites — you enter your address and check whether it is the basic equipment that theoretically allows you to connect to the Network even though the next day. Today it is considered bad form to take money directly for the connection (cabling). Decent firms usually carry out this work free of charge.

Как сделать домашнюю компьютерную сеть

Before laying into the apartment leased line Ethernet is to clarify the connection service provider or installer, do you switch models separate cable. Sometimes installers trash and on one cable «planted» two apartments that can lead to problems with speed and stability.

A lot about your provider you can find on specialized and regional Internet forums. Ask the users-occupants, if not thriving in your territory marproviders vandalism, not to become a hostage of these feuds (the installers cut the wires of competitors, and sometimes can damage expensive equipment). If such cases occurred, it may be worthwhile to consider options that are not associated with a connection via a dedicated line. Or, say, to have as a backup access via cellular networks 3G/4G.

As for prices, all providers are about the same. In Moscow fares start from about 400-450 rubles per month. For this amount you get unlimited Internet channel with data transfer speeds of 40-50 Mbps. Well, if you need more speed (like you see with remote access movies, sports events, or participate in a multiplayer game), related rates, providing speeds up to 100 Mbps, will cost 600-700 rubles.per month.

Of additional services the most popular is Internet TV (IPTV). It is available for a fee or free of charge, can be encoded or not, with high-definition channels, working only through the PlayStation provider, or on any computers and modern network of Smart TVs. Almost all of the major ISPs offer their own pay TV packages, including the most interesting channels (usually set slightly varies from different companies).

The amount of package varies from two or three to hundreds of channels, the cost too — from 100 to 800 to 1,000 rubles a month.

Routers are table and wall. Completely hidden in the walls or niches they should not be due to thermal conditions and possible problems with wireless coverage. If you are using the whip antenna, they should always be oriented vertically.

What we need from the router?

In most cases, the website provider noted the recommended models of routers — it’s simple but always the best solution. The market offers many home routers and Internet centers, suitable for most provider schemes. Preference is given to producers with a strong, regularly updated official firmware, active support and is available in your area. Among the companies whose products are most widespread in Russia, it is possible to allocate D-Link, ASUS, TP-LINK, ZyXEL.

Как сделать домашнюю компьютерную сеть

What should pay attention when choosing the proposed models? All dependent on the number and type of devices that the hosts are going to connect to the router. For example, for connection of smartphones and laptops, you’ll have a built-in router access point Wi-Fi. The higher version of the Protocol Wi-Fi supports router, the better. Very popular routers with built-in USB ports, allowing you to connect USB modems and other devices. Thus, the Internet facility is converted essentially to a network drive on which the data will be available in the local network and from the Internet. But with USB printers, users can print files from any device, computer can be turned off.

The pros and cons of wireless home network

Wi-Fi technology into our «home life» as firmly as, say, mobile phones. Their main advantage is the absence of a connecting cable. In addition, you can connect dozens of devices, i.e. one Wi-Fi network is more than enough for everyone. The disadvantages of wireless is its rather low speed of information transmission, and unequal quality in different areas. The Wi-Fi signal does not pass through the concrete and similar materials, so do not expect one wireless source «breaks» several apartments or floors in the house. In large rooms (say, in high-rise houses) will need a wired connection, or made via the power wiring. In some cases, you might be able to resolve it with the help of amplifiers of the WiFi signal.

Keep the cable!

For fast and reliable data transfer is best suited wired connection. TVs, desktop computers and media servers normally connected using twisted-pair cable. It is advisable to think in advance about where will be located the device, and take care of pre-wiring (twisted pair the fifth or sixth order) in the radiation scheme in all the main areas. Only wire will provide the speed of a Gigabit per second.

Как сделать домашнюю компьютерную сеть

If repairs are made and the cable is not laid, and the wireless network is showed to be ineffective, come to the aid of the PLC adapters. A pair of such devices may be seen as extender Ethernet wire speeds up to 100 Mbps. Also, you may need additional equipment. This can be, for example, switches on 5-8-16 ports or access point with built-in switch.

The opinion of a specialist

The residents of apartment buildings should think about purchasing Internet center with dual band access point Wi-Fi. Native range 802.11 g 2,1* GHz with the advent of 802.1 In very heavily loaded and zalulin. Range on 5GHz is much worse than walking through walls and barriers than the equivalent in the range of 2.U GHz. The new standard 802.11 AC, despite the promising figures, yet is not supported in all client devices. If purchase a router that support it, do not skimp and choose the device with the transceiver circuit 1 x 1 ASJS or pay for 3 * 3 as 1300. The best option — model 2×2 АС867, because even for 802.1 In, they provide quite an acceptable speed of 300 Mbit/s (with throughput up to 180 Mbps).

ILYA KHRUPALOV, BRAND MANAGER ZYXEL ways to connect to the network

ADSL (modern VDSL). The number of connections through the copper telephone cable gradually reduced. Speed is 24/2 Mbit/s (user/user) or to 100/50 Mbit/s VDSL. A dedicated Ethernet line (twisted pair). The speed is 100 Mbps, but if the provider is good equipment, it reaches 1 Gbps. optical Fiber (FTTH technology, in Russia, most often GPON, used, for example, MGTS). Despite the enormous potential, this option has not received proper distribution. When using it at home is sure to be an optical terminal from the provider.

The Internet without wires?

Lately, the growing popularity of fixed access cellular 3G/4G networks. It is implemented through Internet-centers SSACS with built-in modem (SIM card is inserted in the router), although most of the USB modems for personal access (via USB port). So, through a modem connected to the router, the Internet will be able to work as many computers, tablets, smartphones. The speed of 3G and 4C-networks in cities up to 50 Mbit/s, but the rates are too high (2-3 times higher than when connected on the Ethernet line), so you can blindly download everything. 3G/4G is suitable as a backup network, and advanced Internet centers, for example Keenetic series (ZyXEL), model DIR-825 (D-Link) TL-WR842ND(RU) (TP-LINK), are able to use the connection via the USB modem as a primary or backup.

Vocabulary builders network

For work, you may need the following equipment. Router (the router). The device connected to the Internet (leased line, Wi-Fi connection or through the ADSL/ VDSL). To the router connect other devices — computers, smartphones, TVs, media server etc. Booster Wi-Fi. A repeater that connects to an existing Wi-Fi network, thus increasing coverage of the signal and improving the reception quality. Is set when any part of the apartment not strong enough Wi-Fi signal. The IPTV. Performs the same role of the receiver-satellite TV — encodes the signal in the Internet television format, TV.

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