How to configure a router Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

By | 10.12.2018



How to configure a router Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

The owners of the routers from the manufacturer Mikrotik often encountered many problems when trying to establish the parameters and functions of the router. The fact that devices of this brand are characterized by many components. The instructions are suitable for Troubleshooting in the device, both at home and in the office.

 

Connected to PC

 

To connect the device to the network requires:

 

    1. to connect the PSU (power supply) to the connector called Power;

 

    1. located on the back of the box;

 

    1. next, you need to connect the cords wires:

 

    • network cable Internet connect to the connector No. 1 called PoEIn;

 

    • for the subsequent operations to adapt the device it is connected to a personal computer via the appropriate cable. In this case, the cord is inserted into one of the block connectors «Ethernet» in the second.

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

The login to the web configuration

 

Routers from Mikrotik have significant differences in the IP address from its competitors, so to set the parameters and connect to the Internet you should run the browser and enter a search string»IP 192.168.88.1″ without the quotes. Router of this type can be configured either using the software from the manufacturer, or via the web panel.

 

To enter the menu of the web settings, you need to:

 

    • enter the username (usually «admin»);

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

    • to enter a password.

 

On setting router Mikrotik RB951G 2HND is carried out according to instructions.

 

To communicate through the Winbox program should:

 

    1. to login and start the download process of the program;

 

    1. after download – install and run the software;

 

    1. in the top row after the row «Connectto» is the » … » button — click;

 

    1. after selecting the hardware, click «Connect»;

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

    1. enter Login and Password.

 

Most of the users of the two possible options – a web panel or software manufacturer chooses the last.

 

Reset

 

Sometimes there are situations when there are problems with the network connection and the user has to reset the settings. Initially, the Adjuster may also resort to this action if he changed the password and forgot it. The restore function gives you the opportunity to get back to factory settings.

 

Refunds will be made as programmatically through the change of relevant data and technical – while holding the «Reset» button located on the back side of the box apparatus.

 

To do this:

 

    1. to find a thin pointed object;

 

    1. find the «Reset» button, located in the recess on the back side of the device;

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

    1. press and hold the button for 10-20 seconds until the light indicator goes out or blinks.

 

After rebooting the machine will return to the primary configuration. A reset is produced.

 

Internet Setting

 

Configuring the Internet connection consists of several stages. All in good time.

 

Started BY Winbox, and prescribes for the first port ether a value of «WAN»:

 

    1. select the tab «Interfaces»;

 

    1. click on the first interface called ether1;

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

    1. click «Comment»;

 

    1. in a small box write «WAN» without the quotes and click OK;

 

    1. next, click on ether1 -> General; in the Name line write «ether1-gateway»;

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

    1. right OK.

 

A second port attached to the value «LAN»:

 

    1. go to the ether2 interface;

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

    1. further Comment;

 

    1. in the popped up window write «LAN» without quotes -> OK;

 

    1. in the interface ether2 select General and in the Name line write «ether2-master-local»;

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

    1. right OK.

 

Change the MAC address of the WAN port

 

If the provider of Internet services blocked access by MAC address, then change it to the WAN port.

 

For this Winbox choose «NewTerminal» and enter the following text:

 

/interface ethernet set ether1-gateway mac-address=AA:01:02:03:04:05, where ether1-gateway name WAN interface, AA:01:02:03:04:05 – write MAC address.

To return the former address, write command:

 

/interface ethernet reset-mac ether1-gateway

where ether1-gateway interface name.

Setting dynamic IP

 

If the provider of the online services provided by the network data, then carry out the configuration of the WAN port to connect via DHCP:

 

    1. go to menu Ip;

 

    1. in the list select DHCP Client;

 

    1. in the new window, click on the x on the top panel;

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

    1. opened a New DHCP Client, where the line Interface in the list to select ether1-gateway;

 

    1. then Apply and OK.

 

Configure a static IP

 

If You IP address is static, the WAN port of the router configurable according to this scheme:

 

    1. go to the menu Ip;

 

    1. in the list find Addresses;

 

    1. in the popped up window click on the plus sign;

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

    1. a small window opens New Addresses, which in the dialed Address Your IP address;

 

    1. in the field looking for Interface ether1-gateway;

 

    1. OK to save and exit.

 

For the default gateway MikroTik produce a similar operation:

 

    1. open menu Ip;

 

    1. in the list find Routes;

 

    1. in the window that appears click on the plus sign at the top;

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

    1. you will see a small window New Route, where the graph Gatewayнабираем the IP address of the gateway;

 

    1. OK to save and exit.

 

Then you add the DNS server addresses for the MikroTik:

 

    1. menu Ip;

 

    1. submenu of DNS;

 

    1. in the line «Servers», dial the IP address of the desired DNS server;

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

    1. at the end of the lines lower down arrow -> in a new column write the IP address of the alternative DNS server;

 

    1. note AllowRemoteRequests;

 

    1. OK to save and exit.

 

Configuring PPPoE

 

To connect via PPPoE you will need:

 

    1. go to the «PPP»;

 

    1. click on the plus sign (the add command;

 

    1. in the submenu, select «PPPoE Client»;

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

    1. the Name field fill in a connection name;

 

    1. further, the «Interface» -> «ether1-gateway»;

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

    1. click «Dial out» -> fill in the fields login and password;

 

    1. note the «Use Peer DNS» checkbox and click OK to save.

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

Verify access to the Internet

 

    1. open menu New Terminal.

 

    1. to register ping ya.ru in the command line terminal.

 

    1. to make sure that there are pings from 11 to 13ms. This means that there is a connection.

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

    1. to turn the command by pressing Ctrl + C.

 

However, please note that PC will not connect to network until then, until the user will configure the local area network, firewall, and NAT!

 

Video: MikroTik RB951G-2HnD for TTK Moore

 

 

Wireless Wi-Fi adapter

 

Before you begin configuring a WiFi access point need to run the module of the WiFi router:

 

    • go to the tab «Wireless» -> Wireless Tables

 

    • click «wlan1»

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

    • tick on Enable (enter)

 

Next, you need to create a password to connect:

 

    • click menu «SecurityProfiles»;

 

    • the cross opens a new window;

 

    • for Name, specify the name of the profile;

 

    • among authentication types, check this box to only WPA2, it is the most reliable;

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

    • in the line «WPA2 Pre-SharedKey», dial Your password, using which the user will connect to Wi-Fi;

 

    • OK to save.

 

Settings wifi router Mikrotik:

 

    1. in the tab «Interfaces» click on «wlan1»;

 

    1. go to the second tab «Wireless»;

 

    1. in the field Modeзадаем value «apbridge»;

 

    1. in the field Bandопределяем functional significance B/G/N wireless network;

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

    1. in the field «SSID» create and enter the access point name of the wireless network.

 

    1. for «Security Profile» is assigned the profile name that was used when creating the password;

 

    1. save and exit – OK.

 

Port forwarding

 

Port forwarding, or Port Forwarding, is used to:

 

    • run game-servers on your PC;

 

    • for networks of the same rank;

 

    • connect to the Ip-cam Web network;

 

    • for the smooth functioning torrent applications

 

    • the smooth operation of various servers.

 

Why there is a need in the Commission of the port forwarding?

 

NICs operate according to the principle of so-called masquerading. In this case, the Ip addresses of all users the local network «hidden» behind routers.

 

When the internal network data is out in the outside, the internal IP is changed the router to an external, i.e. «masked», and when entering data routed to the source intranet PC.

Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

Thus, in the external world remains the only visible network device and all users and on-net devices are hidden.

Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

For port forwarding in the router Mikrotik RB951G 2HND go to the Ip menu item Firewall -> tab «NAT».

Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

Configure the General tab

 

After you cross the fill line with the following data:

 

    • Chain: dstnat select the option for the incoming stream;

 

    • Protocol: specify here the type of connection (tcp/udp);

 

    • Dst. Port (DestinationPort), no router port;

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

    • In. interface – if we use the WAN connection, then we will have spelled out the name «ether1-gateway», if pppoe is replaceable.

 

Customize the tab Action

 

    1. in the field of Action of all the above, it is recommended to be set to «netmap» as the most modern.

 

    1. the item «Adresses To» fill their own Glavnogo network user, which will be forwarded information about Port Forwarding.

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

    1. point «To Ports» allows you to designate the number of the port.

 

    1. click the button «Add comment» to the right and write the reason for the creation of rules.

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

After applying changes to apply the rule of port forwarding, the internal PC will be available to the Internet.

 

Firmware

 

When buying a new network adapter it is always recommended to update the firmware. This will enhance the reliability and ensure the stability of the device, and sometimes will join its functional Arsenal.

 

Start Winbox and using the tab New Terminal to check your current version. For example, it might look like this: Mikrotik RouterOS 5.26 © 1999-2013

 

Now you need to:

 

    • to find the website of the manufacturer, Mikrotik routers;

 

    • find information about the latest firmware version;

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

    • you can download it.

 

After downloading:

 

    1. then run Winbox;

 

    1. in the left menu, looking for Files;

 

    1. drag the downloaded firmware file in the open window of the application;

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

    1. wait until the file is fully copied.

Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

All that is needed to activate the firmware is to restart the router.

 

    1. in the same left menu, click System -> Reboot.

 

    1. firmware produced. This can be sure by going to the NewTerminal.

      Как настроить роутер Mikrotik RB951G 2HND

 

Setting router Mikrotik RB951G 2HND is not so complicated as it might seem at first glance. Even if You are not versed in the terminology of communications technology, strict adherence to the instructions and care for each execution of each step will crown Your efforts with success.

 

Remember the importance of compliance with all the detail settings. You probably do not want to return to the starting point of the process of setting up the device. Good luck!

Online training on MikroTik

Learn how to configure MikroTik will help the video tutorial «configuring the hardware MikroTik». In addition to video lessons for the course are attached:

· abstract;

· guidance on laboratory work. In the course of 45 laboratory work. It is several times more than the official program;

· control self-assessment;

· 30 days of support the author.

The first 25 lessons available for free.




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