After switching on, the computer freezes
Computers are an important part of our life. They are used for entertainment and work. Unfortunately, the problem with them is not uncommon. There are situations when, after turning on immediately or after a few minutes the machine hangs tightly. Why this happens and what to do in such a situation, we shall understand in this article.
The main reasons
In fact, the reasons why the computer freezes when you enable quite a lot.
Look at the main causes leading to the hanging:
- overload memory;
- a large number of programs starting at system startup;
- load RAM;
- viruses and other malicious applications;
- overheating of the CPU, the graphics card or other components;
- improperly installed or bad drivers;
- problems associated with nutrition.
Before proceeding to the error correction necessary to accurately diagnose and identify the causes of its occurrence.
Users constantly forget to monitor the available space on the system hard drive, causing the memory overload. This leads to the fact that the computer may hang at any time.
In fact, in the process almost all programs on the hard drive create a lot of office files. This applies especially to browsers and other software that requires downloading information from the Internet. If space on the hard disk, so that applications just have nowhere to create temporary files and they crash, may not function properly and the whole system.
To avoid the problem easily, it is enough to regularly free up disk space. It is possible to remove redundant or unused applications, files, and also clean with the help of specialized tools.
Many programs in the startup
Very common cause, resulting in freezing of computer after loading the operating system, is the large number of applications at startup. Each program consumes some resources and they may simply not be enough for everyone, and why it fails.
Installing new applications, users usually do not pay attention to emerging tips and installation options, and just click «Next…». As a result, many programs remains the default tick the «Load with Windows» and they run when starting the operating system.
To prevent such a situation, if you carefully read the instructions to installing software and removing unnecessary apps from startup.
A temporary memory where program execution is called operational. It is used when you start any application or game. Its volume is limited and when full it starts filling the brakes. In some cases, when running multiple demanding applications the computer may hang at all.
In most cases, this issue occurs when the startup has a large number of programs or people who like to run many different applications or a huge number of tabs in the browser.
Malware in the modern world are found in large numbers. A computer infection may lead to very different consequences. While infected with a small number of files the user may not notice the presence of unwanted applications. After some time its presence the virus manifests more clearly.
The most common consequences of infection:
- a piece of software ceases to run or runs with errors;
- rebooting in a few minutes after the start;
- a significant slowdown in the operation;
- the strange messages on the screen;
- deletion or corruption of some files;
- increased load on the network connection.
In addition to the classical virus, there are other types of malicious software. They can show unwanted advertisement, open vulnerability to access other applications to use the custom device for carrying out distributed attacks to resources or distribution of unsolicited electronic communications.
Regardless of what type of infection are infected system that poses a threat to her health and safety. Despite the development of various anti-virus systems to protect 100% not any software in current time. Therefore, care user, depends primarily on timely detection of viruses.
Videos: our computer is not hung and worked quickly-it’s easy!
Not always an error, causing the computer to stop responding associated with the software part. Iron is also able to deliver a lot of trouble to the user. Modern high-performance devices emit quite a lot of heat. Overheating may cause system hang or failure of individual components.
Desktop users just enough to prevent overheating. Be cleaned from time to time the system unit of accumulated dust. More problematic to clean laptops and other mobile devices because of the small dimensions and design features.
The operating system must know how to control components. For this purpose, manufacturers are developing specialized utility driver. Windows already includes a program for proper operation of the key devices, but for the operation of some need to install the packages from the manufacturer.
Principal device driver, which you must install yourself:
- graphics card;
- sound card;
- device printing and scanning;
- some types of hard disk controllers.
The specific set is determined for each PC separately. Improper installation of one or more drivers can lead to very different consequences.
The consequences of incorrectly installing the drivers:
- the inability to load the operating system;
- the inability to operate the device (audio dropouts, etc.);
- a variety of error messages;
- the distortion of the image.
There are similar mistakes and the fault of the developers that control the operation of the devices. Most often the user is faced with this when installing drivers not from trusted sources or the version in the testing stage.
The problem is in the food
Computers and other modern electronic devices have quite strict dietary requirements. It is therefore particularly important to pay attention to the quality of the acquired power supply. The right choice of this component will help in the future to avoid many problems and ensure the longevity of the PC.
For example, getting a powerful enough power supply and high-performance graphics card, the user is exposed to computer freezes at the wrong time or constant reboots.
Unfortunately, the electrical network is not always made in compliance with all modern standards and even a very good unit in this case can not cope with its task. In order to avoid the constant reboots in this case, you should pay attention to the stabilizers.
What to do if your computer locks up when switching on? Find the solution
Faced with shutdown or restart the computer, during start you must first find out the type of problem. If appear the error message, you can set its appearance, searching on the Internet. But in most cases you just have to turn to cycle through the options.
Consider the types of problems leading to freezes PC:
The most common problems associated with software installed on your computer. To start looking is always the most simple of options. It is therefore necessary to ensure that there is free space on the hard disk and, if necessary, clean it.
To use to free up space on the hard drive can built-in Windows tools or special tools, like CCleaner. In the latter case, there are more options for customizing. To recommend the tool CCleaner can and those who need to disable automatic loading of unnecessary apps.
The people who are actively using the global network, it is obligatory to check all the devices for Contracting the virus. With this start, if the OS doesn’t start at all. It may be advisable to use for this purpose utility CureIt! from company Doctor Web or Kaspersky Rescue Disk from Kaspersky Lab.
Both utilities can be run from removable media that allows you to search for infected files even with significant problems. To avoid reinfestation, it is recommended to install a special antivirus.
With hardware problems you have to face much less often. To solve them independently is quite difficult. If you have some experience with the technique, you should pay attention to the temperature of the processor and graphics card. Checking sensors using special tools, for example, HWMonitor.
If the temperature exceeds 60-70 degrees Celsius for the CPU or 80-90 for the graphics card, the most likely cause of failure is dust or malfunction of the cooling system. To solve you need to remove dust, replace thermal paste, check fans are running and mount radiators.
Diagnose problems associated with power at home without special knowledge complicated. Only to exclude them when testing may be advisable to use a known-working unit.
Problems with freezing computers very often can be solved independently, not resorting to services of the service centers. This allows significant savings. You will have to spend only a little time. In the case where the problem persists at home, of course, comes to contact a specialized firm.